Sunday, September 24, 2017

Part №2. Perturb the cerebral convolutions?!

Opening a chess page of our site, you, dear fans of ancient game, have obviously paid attention to the motto of FIDE «Gens una sumus» and its Russian analogue «We are – one reasonable family»...

Experts on Latin will notice to us that this phrase in transfer sounds as «We are – one family», and there is no hint about any "reason" in it …

But is it really so? Certainly, not!

About «a reasonable family», capable to oppose chaos and destruction the collective creative beginning, dreamt the author of this surprising motto Peter Petrovich Potyomkin in tragicl twentieth years of the last century.

But time has corrected this line, having evaporated from it the main thought.

Alas, it has not regretted and its author: who remembers this bright person now, the athlete, the fine judge of cognac, the original poet and the chess devotee? Perhaps, only chess historians do and experts of the Silver age poetry …

Peter Potyomkin was born in 1886. Vikipidija characterizes our hero as «the Russian poet, the translator, the playwright, the critic», and informs about his social status absolutely shortly – «from noblemen» …

Thanks to regional specialists from Oryol where the future poet was born, the details of "aristocratic roots» of Potyomkin became known.

It appears that till 18 years old Peter, as well as two of his elder brothers, appeared … the illegitimate.

The matter is that under the Russian laws of that time marriage between a nobleman and the girl of petty-bourgeois estate was considered out of the law and the children who were born in this marriage, lost all privileges of a noble family.

It cost big efforts to Potyomkin – the senior to legalize his children…

A newly appeared nobleman Peter Potyomkin enters a physical and mathematical faculty of the St.-Petersburg university in 1904. In five years he sharply changes a training vector, having moved to history and philology faculty.

The next year our hero was sent down from the university «as not brought a tuition fee» …

But by that time Potyomkin had already found glory of the original poet. «A free troubadour of Petersburg» as Alexander Blok called him, and Valery Brusov remembered later that «Potyomkin has become a small "master" at once, the founder of the style and almost the school».

In the days of his study at the university Peter was fond of chess, battling in «house tournaments», held in the apartment of one of the players.

Later on the poet became a member of a well-known Petersburg chess meeting, entered into organizing committee of tournament of grand masters in 1914.

In the summer of the same year Peter as a spectator visited a super tournament in Mannheim where he came to know about the beginning of military operations. Potyomkin managed to leave Germany in time that rescued him from capture

Soon in Russia there was a revolution and there came «damned days» of civil slaughter-house. In 1920 the poet together with his wife and his small daughter dared to leave torn to pieces Native land.

Managed to reach Odessa, and then by boat got over through Dniester to Romania. Potyomkin moved from Romania to Czechoslovakia, and then – to France. In emigrations he is included into the board of «The Union of Russian Writers», co-operated with a number of newspapers and magazines.

On foreign land his talent of chess organizer blossoms. In 1924 Potyomkin with Alexander Alekhin's support and some other known Russian chess players convinced the French federation to come out with the idea of creation of the International chess union. Potyomkin is not only included into its organizing committee, but also thought out a beautiful motto about which there was a speech in the beginning of this essay. So was born the international chess brotherhood called since then FIDE!

I think that chess was for Potyomkin the saving bridge connecting him with the left Native land.

Not without a reason after all he acted under a three-coloured Russian flag on the World chess Olympic Games in 1924.

In 1926 Potyomkin organized a chess circle in Paris, gathering under his wing chess players from the former Russian empire.

Unfortunately, our hero did not supervise his child for long.
On October, 19th, 1926 Potyomkin fell ill with a flu raging in Europe. Artful illness has given complication on heart (obviously Potyomkin neglected a confinement to bed) and in two days the poet and the chess player died of sharp heart insufficiency …

And the motto thought up by him «Gens una sumus» (We are – one reasonable family) has appeared extremely hardy and, I think, it is the most popular phrase among thinking citizens today…

So, on such a pleasant note we’ll pass to the tasks of a chess marathon.

    №5. №6. №7.
2012.02.02_1 2012.02.02_2 2012.02.02_3
    #2                                                      7+8 #3                                                       8+7 Win                                          4+3
 

There is no white king on the diagramme №6. On what section of the first horizontal it is necessary to put it in order to checkmate the black vis-a-vis in 3 moves?

 

 

№8. A chess question..

The end of an old and the beginning of a new century causes polar associations in many people – from a doomsday up to an era of mercy …
And what a sign event for reasonable citizens of Odessa remembered 1900?

Meet you in a week!
Your heading leader, Honoured Chess Master of Sports of Ukraine Sergey Tkachenko.